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The STS blog

18 Jan 2015

Diabetes – Get the Low Down

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Diabetes is a word that is thrown around here, there and everywhere and whilst nearly all of us have heard of Diabetes, with most of us realising it is an illness of some type, not many people know the symptoms, the effect of Diabetes on the body and how it is treated. The media is constantly reminding us about obesity levels and the poor health of the population in the UK, bearing this in mind it is important to be aware of symptoms that could lead to more serious health problems further down the line and avoid any nasty surprises!

A common misconception is that Diabetes is due to a lack of sugar, but actually, Diabetes occurs in those who’s livers do not produce enough insulin to aid the use of glucose, or sugars, in the body, resulting in excessive amounts of glucose in the blood. There are two types of Diabetes, coincidentally called Type 1 and Type 2.

Type 1 Diabetes involves having no insulin produced in the body at all, allowing glucose to build up, this has to be treated with insulin injections and is the most common type of Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes is generally found in the first instance in children, and adults usually under the age of 45.

Type 2 Diabetes usually occurs in later life but can also be found in children, teenagers and young adults in some cases. Type 2 Diabetes is usually associated with poor diet and lack of physical exercise, and this is usually recommended to control the symptoms of Diabetes.

The symptoms of Diabetes can vary from person to person but in general, sufferers will experience excessive urinating, especially at night, as well as fatigue, feeling constantly thirsty (thirsty for a pint doesn’t count, by the way), headaches, unexplained weight loss, slow healing of injuries such as cuts or burns, blurred vision, feeling disorientated and excessive genital itching or recurring episodes of thrush. If that sounds like you, you could be feeling the onset of Diabetes, or a few other possible ailments considering the latter symptom but we’ll leave that to your GP. In all seriousness though, if you are experiencing, or know someone experiencing these symptoms regularly you should book in to see a Doctor as early diagnosis and result in more effective treatment and more controlled management of your symptoms.

Until next time!